Wine Cellar Construction & Planning Charts

This handy construction guide includes charts and tips for planning your wine cellar. Not ready to do a deep dive on your own? Check out our expert resources to get the ball rolling.

CONTACT US   FREE CATALOG   GET a FREE DESIGN QUOTE   DIY 3D DESIGN TOOL

Determining Wine Cellar Size

Common questions when building a wine cellar are: How big do I need to make my wine cellar? How many wine bottles can I fit into space? Determine usable wall space and average wine bottle capacity by entering your wine room dimensions in the table below.

Room Length (ft) Room Width (ft) Room Area
(SF)
Usable Wall Space (ft) Avg. Bottle Capacity*
5 5 25 9 495
5 10 50 19 1045
10 10 100 29 1595
10 15 150 39 2145
0 0 0

*Assumes an 8' ceiling height and a 3' door

Average Wine Cellar Construction Costs

This chart provides key project element cost estimates for sample room sizes based on our historical data. These estimates are an average and can vary greatly based on the nature of your wine storage project.

Rm. Area Capacity Build Out Racks Install Cooling Total
25 495 $6,000-$9,200 $6,000-$7,500 $1,725 $2,950 $16,675-$21,375
50 1045 $9,500-$13,200 $11,000-$14,000 $2,475 $3,300 $26,275-$32,975
100 1595 $14,000-$17,200 $14,000-$16,000 $3,225 $4,500 $35,725-$40,925
150 2145 $19,500-$25,200 $25,000-$28,000 $4,725 $5,000 $54,225-$62,925
300 3245 $26,000-$30,000 $28,000-$32,000 $6,000 $6,000 $66,000-$74,000

Construction Material Thicknesses and R-Values

This chart shows the relationship of insulation values for sample wall thickness and material types. We recommend a minimum R-value of R-19 in wine cellar walls and R-30 in ceilings.

Wall Frame Thickness Insulation Thickness R-Value Fiberglass Batting R-Value Rigid Foam
4" 3.5" R-11 R-25
6" 5.5" R-19 R-39
10" 9" R-30 R-65

*Rigid foam insulation R-values range from R-4 to R-8 per inch of thickness (2.54 cm), depending on the manufacturer.

What is R-Value?

In construction, R-value is the measurement of a material's capacity to resist heat flow from one side to the other. R-values measure the effectiveness of insulation and a higher number represents more effective insulation.

R-values are additive. For instance, if a material with an R-value of 12 is attached to another material with an R-value of 3, then both materials combined have an R-value of 15.

Material R-Value/in 3.5" 5.25" 10" 12" 15"
Fiberglass (batt) 3.1 - 3.4 10.8 - 11.9 16.3 - 17.8 31.0 - 34.0 37.2 - 40.8 46.5 - 51.0
Fiberglass blown (attic) 2.2 - 4.3 7.7 - 15.0 11.5 - 22.6 22.0 - 43.0 26.4 - 51.6 33.0 - 64.5
Fiberglass blown (wall) 3.7 - 4.3 12.9 - 15.0 19.4 - 22.6 37.0 - 43.0 44.4 - 51.6 55.5 - 64.5
Mineral Wool (batt) 3.1 - 3.4 10.8 - 11.9 16.3 - 17.8 31.0 - 34.0 37.2 - 40.8 46.5 - 51.0
Mineral Wool blown (attic) 3.1 - 3.4 10.8 - 14.0 16.3 - 21.0 31.0 - 40.0 37.2 - 48.0 46.5 - 60.0
Mineral Wool blown (wall) 3.1 - 3.4 10.8 - 14.0 16.3 - 21.0 31.0 - 40.0 37.2 - 48.0 46.5 - 60.0
Cellulose blown (attic) 3.2 - 3.7 11.2 - 12.9 16.8 - 15.0 32.0 - 37.0 38.4 - 44.4 48.0 - 55.5
Cellulose blown (wall) 3.8 - 3.9 13.3 - 13.6 19.9 - 20.8 38.0 - 39.0 45.6 - 46.8 57.0 - 58.5
Polystrene Board 3.8 - 5.0 13.3 - 17.5 19.9 - 26.2 38.0 - 50.0 45.6 - 60.0 57.0 - 75.0
Polyurethane Board 5.5 - 6.5 19.2 - 22.7 28.9 - 34.1 55.0 - 65.0 66.0 - 78.0 82.5 - 97.5
Open Cell Spray Foam 5.6 - 8.0 18.2 - 28.0 29.4 - 42.0 56.0 - 80.0 67.2 - 96.0 84.0 - 120.0
Polyisocyanurate (foil-faced) 3.5 - 3.6 12.2 - 12.6 18.4 - 18.9 35.0 - 36.0 42.0 - 43.2 52.5 - 54.0
Closed Cell Spray Foam 6.0 - 6.5 21.0 - 22.7 31.5 - 34.1 60.0 - 65.0 72.0 - 78.0 90.0 - 97.5

Wine Racking Costs

A simple wine cellar design involves features available in our kit line, whereas an advanced design would include elements like true curves, arch tops, and cabinetry. To estimate your wine cellar rack costs, simply enter your estimated bottle capacity to see a range of pricing.

Bottles Simple Racking Multiple Design Elements Advanced Design Elements
500 $2,000 $4,000 $6,000
1000 $4,000 $8,000 $12,000
1500 $6,000 $12,000 $18,000
2000 $8,000 $16,000 $24,000
2500 $10,000 $20,000 $30,000
3000 $12,000 $24,000 $36,000
$0 $0 $0

*Max bottle capacity 9999